外語行天下 / 單詞或詞組用法 / 用 ever 的人很多,但深挖它的用法的人不多

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用 ever 的人很多,但深挖它的用法的人不多

2020-12-30  外語行天下

    ever 的用法千變萬化,經常有人在用,但深度挖掘它的用法的人很少,特別是它的一些組合的用法,以及與 always 或 before 等詞的用法區別。

    一、ever 常用于疑問句和否定句

    1、在疑問句中表比較,譯為“在任何時候”,相當于 at any time,對應的是 always 和 never,例如:

    Have you ever been to the US on holiday?

    你去美國度假嗎?

    解析:ever 指 at any time.

    We always go to the US on holiday. 

    我們總是去美國度假。

    解析:always 指 every time.

    We never have holidays in the US. 

    我們從來沒有在美國假期。

    解析:never 指 at no time.

    2、ever 譯為“從來”,與 not 連用,譯為“從(來)不,從(來)未”等:

    Laurie doesn’t ever call me at weekends. 

    洛麗周末從不給我打電話。

    解析:相比于 not … ever,never 更常見,例如:

    Laurie never calls me at weekends.

    We haven’t ever had a problem with noise in the neighbourhood before or we’ve never had a problem with noise.

    我們以前從未遇到過噪音問題,也從未遇到過噪音問題。

    3、ever 譯為“從來”,否定句(與否定詞 no one,nobody,nothing 等連用),譯為“從(來)不,從(來)未”等:

    No one ever told me what had happened.

    從來沒人告訴我發生了什么事。

    Nothing ever happens here.

    這兒從未發生過任何事。

    二、跟在 if 后面或是中間位置(主語與實義動詞之間、情態動詞或第一助動詞后面、be 動詞之后),例如:

    1、 if ever there was one 譯為“確實,無可置疑”,用來強調你所說的是真的,例如:

    It was a brilliant performance if ever there was one.

    這確實是一場精彩的演出。

    My son is a real sports fanatic if ever there was one.

    我兒子是一個真正的體育狂熱分子。

    2、 譯為“要是,如果有的話,任何時候”,例如:

    If ever you move house, I’d advise you to get a good removal company.

    要是你搬家,我建議你找個好的搬家公司。

    If you ever go to Edinburgh, make sure to visit the Art Gallery.

    如果你有去愛丁堡的話,一定要參觀美術館。

    If I had ever wanted to stay in Manchester, they would have made me very welcome, I’m sure.

    如果我有想留在曼徹斯特的話,我相信他們會非常歡迎我的。

    三、ever so 和 ever such 用于強調,譯為“很,非?!?,所以為了避免模棱兩可,當遇到這兩個組合時,只要看后面的 so 和 such 就行了,例如:

    I feel ever so cold.

    我覺得很冷。

    He was ever such a kind man.

    他是個非常善良的人。

    四、ever since 跟 ever so 或 ever such 類似,也是用來表示強調,所以也是只關注 since 就可以了,例如:

    Ever since we met, we have been such great friends.

    自從我們相遇以來,我們一直是很好的朋友。

    Mrs Leech doesn’t go for walks on her own ever since she fell.

    利奇太太摔了一跤以后就不自己出去散步了。

    She had been worrying ever since the letter arrived. 

    自從接到那封信后她就一直焦慮不安。

    五、as … as ever 用來表示某人或某物的一個永久特征,譯為“還是…,一如既往的…,依然如故”等,例如:

    The distance between fashion and art remains as great as ever. 

    時尚與藝術之間的差別之大依然如故。

    They’ve built a new road around the city but traffic is as bad as ever.

    他們在城市周圍修了一條新路,但交通還是一如既往的糟糕。

    六、用于 when、why 等之后表示驚訝,用于強調疑問詞,譯為“究竟,到底”,例如:

    Why ever did you agree?

    你究竟為什么要同意?

    How ever did he manage that?

    他究竟是怎么做到的?

    What ever have you done to him?

    你究竟對他做過什么?

    七、hardly ever,譯為“幾乎從不”,相當于 almost never,例如:

    I have hardly ever eaten Vietnamese food.

    我幾乎沒吃過越南菜。

    He hardly ever opens his mouth. 

    他幾乎從不開口。

    We ate chips every night, but hardly ever had fish.

    我們每晚吃炸薯條,但幾乎從不吃魚。

    八、ever 與完成時連用,用以強調

    1、當與現在完成時連用時,相當于“any time up to now”,例如:

    Have you ever been to Italy?

    你去過意大利嗎?

    It's the best thing that has ever happened to me. 

    這是迄今(現在)我所遇到的最好的事。

    2、當與過去完成時連用時,相當于“any time up to then”,例如:

    Had you ever been to Italy?

    你去過意大利嗎?

    It's the best thing that had ever happened to me. 

    這是迄今(說話者的時間)我所遇到的最好的事。

    九、當進行比較時,ever 或 than ever 用于加強語氣,通常跟在比較級或最高級后面,例如:

    She looked better than ever.

    她看起來比以前好多了。

    Private home ownership is increasing faster than ever. 

    私有房產正以前所未有的速度增長。

    It's my best ever score.

    這是我得到過的最好分數。

    十、ever 與 always

    1、always 是頻度副詞,ever 跟 always 不一樣,例如:

    我將永遠愛你。

    正確:I will always love you.

    錯誤:I will ever love you.

    2、但有的時候 ever 可以譯為“不斷地;總是;始終;一直”,常用于一些復合詞中,用于非常正式的場合,例如:

    Their debts grew ever larger.

    他們的債務不斷增加。

    Paul, ever the optimist, agreed to try again.

    保羅這個永遠的樂觀主義者答應再試一次。

    She married the prince and they lived happily ever after .

    她與王子成了婚之后,從此過著幸福的生活。

    Jones was ever available to help the family.

    瓊斯過去總是幫助這個家庭。

    the ever-growing problem

    日趨嚴重的問題

    an ever-present danger

    始終存在的危險

    his ever-loving mother

    他慈愛的母親

    十一、ever 與 before 有類似的意思,但本質不一樣,ever 不談及現在,而 before 談及現在,例如:

    Have you been to India before?

    你以前去過印度嗎?

    解析:說話者可能在 India.

    Have you ever been to India?

    你曾經去過印度嗎?

    解析:說話者不在 India.

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